Among 20th century statesmen, Ho Chi Minh was notable both for the tenacity and patience with which he pursued his goal of Vietnamese independence and for his success in combining communism with nationalism. Since his youth, Ho defended the freedom of the French colony of Vietnam. Son of a poor rural scholar, Nguyen Sinh Huy, Ho Chi Minh grew up in the village of Kim Lien. He had a miserable childhood, but between the ages of 14 and 18 he was able to study in an elementary school in Hue.
Later it is known that he was a school teacher at Phan Thiet and then was an apprentice at a technical institute in Saigon.
Ho ChiMinh (originally Nguyen That Thanh) was born in Hoang Tru, in central Vietnam. Vietnam was then a French colony, known as French Indochina, but under the nominal rule of an emperor. Ho's father worked in the imperial court, but was fired for criticizing the French colonial power.
Ho Chi Minh's initial assessment of US intelligence was that he was more nationalist than communist and was an acceptable partner. Therefore, the United States provided him with weapons and training equipment to help teach his Viet Minh guerrilla fighters to fight. Around this time, he began to use the name of Ho Chi Minh (more or less translated as “Light Bearer”). Almost all its members had been exiled from Indochina because of their political beliefs and had gathered to participate in the fight against French rule over their country.
Chi Minh remained in Hanoi during his last few years, demanding the unconditional withdrawal of all non-Vietnamese troops from South Vietnam. Others in the Vietnamese cities of Hanoi, Hue and Saigon began organizing work, but some of Ho's lieutenants were reluctant to act in the absence of their leader, who had Moscow's trust. Ho's body was said to have been hidden and transported a long way between forests and rivers in a specially designed coffin until the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum was built. Ho Chi-Minh became the president of North Vietnam and was determined to reunite his country under the communist government.
North Vietnam argued that elections should be held within six months of the ceasefire, while Western allies sought not to have a deadline. Ho Chi Minh was born as Nguyen Sinh Cung on May 19, 1890, in a town in central Vietnam (then part of French Indochina) in the province of Nghe, son of Hoang Thi Loan, his mother and Nguyen Sinh Sac. From the air force to infantry and chemicals, the weapons used in the Vietnam War were more devastating than those of any previous conflict. After two months of fighting, the exhausted Việt Minh forces withdrew after systematically destroying any valuable infrastructure.
Trotskyism in Vietnam did not rival the Party outside the main cities, but particularly in the south, in Saigon-Cochinchina, they had been a challenge. The Viet Cong asked North Vietnam for help, and in July the central committee of Ho's Lao Dong (Workers' Party) voted to link the establishment of socialism in the North with the cause of unification with the South. When Chiang Kai-shek, then commander of the Chinese army, expelled the Chinese communists from Canton in April 1927, Ho returned to seek refuge in the Soviet Union. Ho Chi Minh went out to sea from Vietnam occupied by France at the age of 21, in 1911, to work as a cook on a steamboat.